PSYCHOLOGICAL MEANS FOR IMPROVING THE COMMUNITY’S ADAPTABILITY TO THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE ARMED CONFLICT
According to the generalized and systematized results of theoretical and empirical study of the psychological strategies of community adaptation in the process of strengthening public health, the paper presents the organization of a study on the development and testing the psychological tools for increasing the community's adaptability to the conditions and consequences of an armed conflict.
The theoretical foundations of the development of psychological means of adaptation are grounded, as well as the necessity of their application in order to increase the community's adaptability to the consequences of an armed conflict, to strengthen both individual and public health. The socio-psychological model for strengthening the public health (as a condition of community's adaptation to crisis conditions of life) is presented. The model focuses on: promotion of communication aimed to improve health awareness, increase health responsibility and gain competence in health preservation; enhancement sense of coherence and the promotion of psychological resilience (as an ability to live a full and productive life despite different constraints); increasing the ability to use a stressful situation as an opportunity for further development (post-traumatic growth); strengthening reflexive processes and increasing readiness for change; activation of individual and collective resources coping the outcomes of an armed conflict.
The paper discloses the content of the elaborated program of social and psychological work aimed to raise the level of cognitive, emotional and behavioural competence (in particular – among the representatives of the pedagogical community), aiming to activate the adaptability resources and health promotion as a form of adaptation to difficult life conditions.
Further, the paper presents the analysis of the approbation of psychological means, which showed the possibility and the prospects of preventing the negative consequences of an armed conflict by improving the sense of connectivity (as an ability to control health and well-being); self-efficacy (as the basis of human subjectivity); individual and collective reflexivity about the importance and opportunities for intensifying individual and collective efforts to improve adaptability and overcome the negative social and psychological consequences of the armed conflict.