PATERNALISTIC ATTITUDES IN THE STRUCTURE OF STUDENTS’ POLITICO-LEGAL CONSCIOUSNESS
The article covers the results of the study on socio-psychological peculiarities of students’ paternalistic attitudes. The objectives of the study were the determination of the relationship between paternalistic guidelines in the structure of politico-legal consciousness and identification of the role of sample population’s socio-psychological characteristics in their formation. A dynamic-functional approach is taken as a basis to interpret the politico-legal consciousness – a self-regulated system of politico-legal attitudes, ideas, and the attitude of the individual towards politico-legal reality. The manifestations of paternalistic guidelines are considered as the mystification of power figures; as readiness to obey the authorities; as social passivity, avoidance of political activity; as the desire for custody from the authorities; as the refusal of the aspirations to occupy a dominant or equal position in politico-legal communication. The study used a cluster sampling, which involves 256 students of 12 higher education institutions in Kyiv city. The standardized questionnaires were chosen as an empirical method. The data analysis was made using correlation analysis (Spearman coefficient); U-Mann-Whitney criterion for two independent samples; Kruskal-Wallis criterion for K-independent samples. Due to the correlation analysis, multiple relationships were identified: “Mystification of power” – “Desire for custody” (ρ = 0.43; p≤0.001); “Attitudes towards politicians” – “Attitudes towards political activity"; “Attitudes towards politicians” – “Approval of authoritarianism” (ρ = 0.33; p≤0.001). It is proven the significance of the educational environment of the higher education institution, parent-child projections, and gender features for the formation of paternalistic attitudes of students. The usage of the Kruskal-Wallis criterion for K-independent samples allowed to reveal that the approval of authoritarian methods in management decreases in the process of professional studies (p˂0.05). Sex-role psychological peculiarities of students appeared as significant for the indicators “Desire for custody” (p˂0.01) and “Approval of authoritarianism” (p˂0.01). The place of residence (with parents, separately, etc.) is significant for the attitudes on the power of authorities (p˂0.05) and the desire for custody from the authorities (p˂0.05). In order to find out the trends in other youth communities, it is considered as appropriate to conduct similar studies for other categories. This will allow to predict the processes of politico-legal socialization, to adjust the educational programs aimed at increasing the politico-legal competence of young people. The originality of the study is caused by the need to research the dynamic changes in the politico-legal consciousness of youth in the post-revolutionary period.