SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES OF THE RESEARCH OF PARENTAL COMPETENCE OF PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM
The purpose of the article is theoretical substantiation of the concept of parental competence of parents of children with autism and definition of conceptual principles of its research. Despite the annual increase in the number of people with autism, the problem of suppot of children with autism in Ukraine and in the world has not received sufficient scientific study, in particular - little is known about the methods of effective influence on the level of competence of parents of children and adolescents with autism and on optimization of social communication of parents on micro- and the macro level. Parents raising children with disabilities (in the conditions of transformation of parental functions), face additional problems in comparison with parents of standard-type children. Parental competence, in its modern sense, is characterized by the ability of the parent to perform parental functions in such a way that it promotes the positive direction of the physical, mental, emotional, speech, communicative, etc. of the child, under conditions the parent has sufficient quality of his own life. The main question of the research: what kind of parenting behavior and which parent's socio-psychological characteristics provide the positive direction for the development of a child with autism, and how the social environment at the micro-level (family, teachers, friends, acquaintances) and at the macro-level (civil society organizations, state organizations and services, public authorities) of social communication affect this ability. The article reveals the socio-psychological model of systemic support for parents of children with autism at the level of civil society; the model of parenting competence in the education of children with autism (based on the substructure of the personality of the socio-psychological-individual measurement and the activity measurement of the psychological structure of the personality of V.Rybalka) and a scheme for measuring its indicators. The structure of the curriculum for the maintenance of competent parenting of parents of children with autism is described. Fundamental research of parental practices with children with autism, the identification of relationships between children and parental characteristics, and parenting characteristics and level of parenting competence will help to build a scientifically-based system for promoting competent parenting of autistic children's parents, to increase the level and quality of interaction between parents and educational staff and rehabilitation institutions that work with children with autism, promote the withdrawal of programs for competent support for parents of children with autism at the level of municipal support programs for parents of children with disabilities and promote implementation of programs to support parents in the general protocols of intervention, care and support of autistic person.